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Migrating From Vue-CLI & Webpack to Vitejs

By Lane Wagner on Apr 26, 2021

Boot.dev’s web app that hosts all of my coding courses is a single-page application written in Vue 2, with plans to migrate to Vue 3 soon™©®. In the meantime, I happened across a cool new tooling app called Vite that promised a few things that caught my attention.

This particularly resonated with me because my (fairly) simple app’s development server took over 10 seconds to start up with the Vue-cli and Webpack, and I’ve spent many hours in the past trying to configure Webpack and Babel, when I just needed basic Vue configurations. Let’s look at some quick anecdotal comparisons before I dive into the migration guide, so you can see if the benefits of switching are worth it for you.

ViteVue-cli + Webpack
Dev server start time~600ms~10,000ms
HMR timeUnsure, appears instant~2,000ms
Production build time~15s~22s
Number of bundled JS files29 JS modules18 JS Modules
Average JS bundle size~29kb~61kb
Total JS bundle size~840kb~1098kb

Vite vs Vue-cli + Weback

Additionally, in order to get the 18 modules shown above using the Vue cli and webpack, I had to add comment annotations to my routes.js file. Out of the box the Vue-cli makes one giant bundle, which is much worse for page performance reasons. Vite splits the bundle along module lines out-of-the-box without the need for those annoying annotations.

Migration Guide

Let’s go through the major steps of actually moving a project in Vue 2 from the Vue CLI to Vite.

Step 1 - dependencies

All @vue-cli... dependencies need to go. For me that meant removing the following.

- "@vue/cli-plugin-babel": "^4.5.6",
- "@vue/cli-plugin-eslint": "^4.5.6",
- "@vue/cli-service": "^4.5.6",

These were replaced with Vite and its plugin for Vue.

+ "vite": "^2.2.1",
+ "vite-plugin-vue2": "^1.4.4",
+ "@vue/compiler-sfc": "^3.0.11",

Next, Vite supports sass out of the box, so I could remove my old dependencies.

- "node-sass": "^4.12.0",
- "sass-loader": "^10.0.2",

And I replaced them with the bare-bones sass compiler, because Vite requires it to be available.

+ "sass": "^1.32.11",

Finally, because Vite only supports modern browsers (sorry if you have to support legacy stuff, Vite might not be for you) I removed babel dependencies and my babel.config.js file.

- "babel-eslint": "^10.1.0",
- "babel-runtime": "^6.26.0"

Moving index.html

Vite doesn’t store index.html in the public folder like you’re used to, instead it goes right in the root of your project, so move it there. Vite also needs an additional entry point.

<body>
  <noscript>
    <strong>
      We're sorry but this app doesn't work properly without JavaScript enabled. Please enable it to continue.
    </strong>
  </noscript>
  <div id="app"></div>

  <!-- this new script is for vite -->
  <script type="module" src="/src/main.js"></script>
</body>

You’ll also need to move your static asset references to use a simple / rather than <%= BASE_URL %>.

<link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="180x180" href="/apple-touch-icon.png">
<link rel="icon" type="image/png" sizes="32x32" href="/favicon-32x32.png">
<link rel="icon" type="image/png" sizes="16x16" href="/favicon-16x16.png">
<link rel="manifest" href="/site.webmanifest">

Vite Config

Here is the vite.config.js I settled on, it goes in the root of the project.

import { defineConfig } from 'vite';
import { createVuePlugin } from 'vite-plugin-vue2';
import path from 'path';

export default defineConfig({
  plugins: [ createVuePlugin() ],
  server: {
    port: 8080
  },
  resolve: {
    alias: [
      {
        find: '@',
        replacement: path.resolve(__dirname, 'src')
      }
    ]
  },
  build: {
    chunkSizeWarningLimit: 600,
    cssCodeSplit: false
  }
});

The resolve block lets me import components using @ as the root of the src directory. For example, import Tooltip from '@/components/Tooltip.vue';.

The build block does a couple of things, first, it increases the chunk size warning limit from the default of 500kb to 600kb. I did that just because I have a really heavy code editor component and I don’t want to see the warning every time.

Secondly, my site completely broke when I let Vite split my .css files the way it wanted to. This actually makes me sad because I’d rather have my users only load the CSS they need as they need them. If anyone has had a similar problem please let me know how you solved it.

.vue extensions

Vite explicitly requires that all .vue imports include the .vue in the path. This can be a bit tedious if you haven’t been using the extensions. All your imports need to be updated from import Tooltip from '@/components/Tooltip' to import Tooltip from '@/components/Tooltip.vue'.

Webpack chunking for lazy-loaded routes

If previously you used comment annotations in Webpack to break up your bundle, you don’t need to do that anymore! Just remove them.

const Courses = () => import(/* webpackChunkName: "Courses" */ '@/views/Courses.vue');

becomes

const Courses = () => import('@/views/Courses.vue');

Yarn Scripts

I use the following three scripts.

"serve": "vite --open",
"preview": "vite preview --open --port 8080",
"build": "vite build --out-dir dist",
"lint": "eslint src",
"lint:fix": "eslint src --fix"

Node environment

Vite is strict when it comes to Node.js code being slipped into your front-end bundle. I ran into an issue where a dependency I had required global to be defined. Obviously, the best thing is to not require dependencies like that, but in my case I needed it so I added a little shim in index.html.

<!-- polyfill global because shit dependencies -->
  <script>
    const global = globalThis;
  </script>
<!-- end polyfill -->

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- Daniel Gerep from Cassia, Brasil

Vue 3

My next migration will likely be to Vue 3, hopefully sometime this year. I’ve really just been holding out for a bit more stability, and for a few of my dependencies to support the new major version.

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